Viêm phổi tiếng anh

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. When someone has pneumonia, lung tissue can fill with pus & other fluid, which makes it difficult for oxygen in the lung"s air sacs lớn reach the bloodstream. With pneumonia, a person may have sầu difficulty breathing & have a cough and fever; occasionally, chest or abdominal pain and vomiting are symptoms, too.

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Viêm phổi là hội chứng nhiễm trùng phổi. lúc bạn bệnh dịch bị viêm phổi thì mô phổi có thể trương mủ hoặc những dịch không giống, tạo cho máu trong cơ thể khó khăn có thể cảm nhận ô-xy từ bỏ túi khí của phổi được. Bệnh nhân viêm phổi rất có thể Cảm Xúc nghẹt thở, ho cùng sốt; đôi khi fan căn bệnh cũng bao gồm triệu hội chứng đau ngực hoặc nhức bụng nữa.

You may associate pneumonia with the melodrama of a soap opera: prolonged hospital stays, oxyren tents, và family members whispering in bedside huddles. It"s true that pneumonia can be serious. But more often pneumonia is an infection that can be easily treated without a hospital stay.

What Is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. When someone has pneumonia, lung tissue can fill with pus và other fluid, which makes it difficult for oxygen in the lung"s air sacs to lớn reach the bloodstream. With pneumonia, a person may have sầu difficulty breathing and have a cough and fever; occasionally, chest or abdominal pain and vomiting are symptoms, too.

Pneumonia is commonly caused by viruses, such as the influenza vi khuẩn (flu) và adenovirus. Influenza H1N1 (swine flu) can also become a significant cause of pneumonia. Other viruses, such as respiratory syncytial vi khuẩn (RSV), are common causes of pneumonia in young children and infants. Bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause pneumonia, too. People with bacterial pneumonia are usually sicker than those with viral pneumonia, but can be effectively treated with antibiotic medications.

You may have sầu heard the terms "double pneumonia" or "walking pneumonia."

Double pneumonia simply means that the infection is in both lungs. It"s common for pneumonia to affect both lungs, so don"t worry if your doctor says this is what you have — it doesn"t mean you"re twice as sichồng.

Walking pneumonia refers khổng lồ pneumonia that is mild enough that you may not even know you have sầu it. Walking pneumonia, which has also been called atypical pneumonia because it"s different from the typical bacterial pneumonia, is common in teens and is often caused by a tiny microorganism known as Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Like the typical bacterial pneumonia, walking pneumonia also can be treated with antibiotics.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms?

There are many symptoms of pneumonia, và some of them, lượt thích a cough or a sore throat, are associated with many other common infections. Often, people get pneumonia after they"ve sầu had an upper respiratory tract infection lượt thích a cold.

Symptoms of pneumonia can include:

* fever

* chills

* cough

* unusually rapid breathing

* wheezing

* difficulty breathing

* chest or abdominal pain

* loss of appetite

* exhaustion

* vomiting

The symptoms of pneumonia vary from person khổng lồ person, & few people get all of them.

When pneumonia is caused by bacteria, the person tends to become sichồng quickly & develops a high fever and has difficulty breathing. When it"s caused by a vi khuẩn, symptoms generally appear more gradually & may be less severe.

A person"s symptoms can help the doctor identify the type of pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae, for example, often causes headaches và sore throats in addition lớn the symptoms listed above.

Can I Prevent Pneumonia?

The routine vaccinations that most people receive as kids help prsự kiện certain types of pneumonia and other infections. If you have sầu a chronic illness, such as sickle cell disease, you may have received additional vaccinations & disease-preventing antibiotics to lớn help prevent pneumonia và other infections caused by bacteria. People who have diseases that affect their immune system (lượt thích diabetes, HIV infection, or cancer), are 65 or older, or are in other high-risk groups should receive a pneumococcal vaccination.

People with immune system problems also may receive antibiotics lớn prsự kiện pneumonia that can be caused by organisms they"re especially susceptible to. In some cases, antiviral medication might be used khổng lồ prsự kiện viral pneumonia or lớn lessen its effects.

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Flu vaccination is also recommended since pneumonia often occurs as a complication of the flu. In addition khổng lồ the standard flu vaccine, the newer H1N1 (swine flu) vaccine is also recommended. You can tương tác your doctor’s office to see when these vaccines are available.

Because pneumonia is often caused by contagious germs, a good way to lớn prsự kiện it is to lớn keep your distance from anyone you know who has pneumonia or other respiratory infections. Use separate drinking glasses & eating utensils; wash your hands frequently with warm & soapy water; and avoid touching used tissues và paper towels.

You also can stay svào and help avoid some of the illnesses that might lead to pneumonia by eating as healthily as possible, getting a minimum of 8 to 10 hours of sleep a night, & avoiding smoking.

How Long Does It Last?

The length of time between exposure and feeling sick depends on many factors, particularly the type of pneumonia a person has.

With influenza pneumonia, for example, someone may become sick in as few as 12 hours or as long as 3 days after exposure to lớn the flu virut. But with walking pneumonia, a person may not have symptoms until 2 khổng lồ 3 weeks after becoming infected.

Most types of pneumonia resolve within a week or two, although a cough can linger for several weeks more. In severe cases, it may take longer khổng lồ completely recover.

When should I điện thoại tư vấn my doctor?

If you think you may have pneumonia, tell a parent or other adult & be sure you see a doctor. Be especially aware of your breathing; if you have sầu chest pain or trouble breathing or if your lips or fingers look xanh, you should go lớn a doctor"s office or lớn a hospital emergency department right away.

How is pneumonia treated?

If a doctor suspects pneumonia, he or she will perkhung a physical exam và might order a chest X-ray và blood tests. People with bacterial or atypical pneumonia will probably be given antibiotics to take at home. A doctor also will recommover getting lots of rest & drinking plenty of fluids.

Some people with pneumonia need to lớn be hospitalized to get better — usually babies, young kids, và people older than 65. However, hospital care may be needed for a teen who:

* already has immune system problems

* has cystic fibrosis

* is dangerously dehydrated or is vomiting a lot và can"t keep fluids và medicine down

* has had pneumonia frequently

* has skin that"s xanh or pale in color, which reflects a laông chồng of oxygen

When pneumonia patients are hospitalized, treatment might include intravenous (IV) antibiotics (delivered through a needle inserted into lớn a vein) và respiratory therapy (breathing treatments).

Antiviral medications approved for adults and teens can reduce the severity of flu infections if taken in the first 1 khổng lồ 2 days after symptoms begin. They"re usually prescribed for teens who have certain underlying illnesses such as asthma or who have sầu pneumonia or breathing difficulty. If you have sầu been exposed influenza và you begin khổng lồ develop symptoms of pneumonia, Điện thoại tư vấn a doctor.

How Can I Help Myself Feel Better?

If your doctor has prescribed medicine, be sure to lớn follow the directions carefully.

You may feel better in a room with a humidifier, which increases the moisture in the air và soothes irritated lungs. Make sure you drink plenty of fluids, especially if you have a fever. If you have a fever & feel uncomfortable, ask the doctor whether you can take over-the-counter medicine such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen khổng lồ bring it down. But don"t take any medicine without checking first with your doctor — a cough suppressant, for example, may not allow your lungs to lớn clear themselves of mucus.

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And finally, be sure to rest. This is a good time to sleep, watch TV, read, and lay low. If you treat your toàn thân right, it will repair itself & you"ll be back to normal in no time.